Here & Now's Robin Young speaks with Richard Pacelle, professor of political science at the University of Tennessee, to find some answers.
The United Nations is seeking more than $6 billion for humanitarian aid to Syria. The U.N. estimates nearly three-quarters of Syria’s 22.4 million people will need humanitarian aid in 2014.
The appeal coincides with a new study by the International Rescue Committee warning that starvation is now threatening the Syrian population. Bread prices have risen by 500 percent in some areas, according to the report.
There also a huge refugee crisis in neighboring countries. For instance, there are more than 800,000 Syrians in Lebanon.