In spite of protests on University of California campuses, the board voted to hike tuitions by about 5 percent every year for the next five years.
Former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, forced to resign last year amid a sex scandal, is expected to seek that office again in February when new elections are held.
The caretaker government of technocrat Prime Minister Mario Monti was dissolved on Friday.
Monti had been appointed in the wake of the Berlusconi resignation to save Italy from a financial crisis.
The BBC’s Alan Johnston reports from Rome.