At President Abraham Lincoln's funeral in 1865, the oak tree stood just a few feet from the event, shading the funeral choir.
The late architecture critic and author Jane Holtz Kay had a radical vision for the U.S. – a society where people would prefer to live without cars.
In her seminal 1997 book, “Ashpalt Nation: How the Automobile Took Over America and How We Can Take It Back,” Kay argued that our reliance on cars is made possible by massive government subsidies, and that building our communities around the car was harming our health, our environment and our economic competitiveness.
Kay called suburbs “car-burbs” and pointed out that when cars become the only available means of transport, the young and the elderly who cannot drive become dependent, and the poor who cannot afford cars become marginalized.
Columbia University historian Kenneth Jackson described “Asphalt Nation,” as “a powerful and persuasive indictment of the car culture that came to dominate America.”
The New York Times called her a prophet of climate change, because in that book she calculated that in less time than it takes us to read this sentence, Americans riding around in cars and trucks will dump another 180,000 pounds of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, accelerating global warming.
Peter O’Dowd follows the route of Abraham Lincoln's funeral train 150 years ago, to look at modern-day race relations and Lincoln's legacy.