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Monday, July 19, 2010

Book Excerpt: ‘The Town That Food Saved’

The town of Hardwick, Vermont, population 3,200, has become a mecca for foodies, from celebrity chef Emeril Legasse to writers for the New York Times food section. And while that has brought some good jobs to the area, most residents can’t afford the local food. Vermont farmer and freelance journalist Ben Hewitt, has documented the Hardwick story in his new book, “The Town Food Saved: How One Community Found Vitality In Local Food,” excerpted below.


Book Excerpt: The Town That Food Saved
By Ben Hewitt


If you come into the town of Hardwick, Vermont, from the east, you come in on Route 15, weaving through a series of curves that begin as gentle sweeps and become progressively sharper until you find yourself leaning in your seat, the view through your windshield tilted just a few degrees off its axis.

That’s the Lamoille River on your right, gurgling and churning over water-worn stone and gravel; it cuts a course through the center of town, and there’s a nice little walking bridge that crosses the water. It’s on Main Street. It’s not hard to find.

On your left, the land rises steeply from the highway’s shoulder. It’s mostly wooded, but just outside town, you can see where the hillside washed away a few years back; it’s since been reinforced with a massive pile of rocks, but the homes visible at its crest still look disturbingly vulnerable, as if the slightest shift will send them bouncing down the hill to splinter across the roadway.

Hardwick sits in a shallow hollow; the town and its 3,200 residents live in the shadow cast by Buffalo Mountain, which rises to nearly 3,000 feet at the southwest corner of town. Buffalo Mountain is at once craggy and lush, populated by a mix of eastern hardwoods: birch, beech, ash, and the state’s vaunted sugar maple. There is no road to the top, although all-terrain vehicle trails crisscross its flanks.

If you claw your way to the top of Buffalo Mountain and look out over the town, you’ll see how Route 15 becomes Main Street, and Main Street lasts for about a quarter-mile before it hits the town’s only traffic light, which consists of a single flashing orb at the junctions of Routes 14 and 15. If you turn right, continuing on 15, you’ll immediately pass the former home of the Amateur Boxing Club, a garage, a gun shop, a pizza house, and a lumberyard, in that order. A bit farther out, there’s a bank and a tractor-repair business. A Ford dealership. A gas station. If you go straight through the light onto 14 South, you’ll pass two auto-parts stores, a school, a cemetery, and a series of modest residences. In either direction, you’ll see how you could drive through Hardwick in two minutes or less, pushing on the accelerator as the speed limit rises again to 50 and the road unfurls across the lush Vermont countryside, drawing you in and on, helping you forget about the small town you just left behind.

Here’s what you won’t see: Over the past three years, this little hard-luck burg with a median income 25 percent below the state average and an unemployment rate nearly 40 percent higher has embarked on a quest to create the most comprehensive, functional, and downright vibrant local food system in North America. In the process, Hardwick, Vermont, just might prove what advocates of a decentralized food system have been saying for years: that a healthy agriculture system can be the basis of communal strength, economic vitality, food security, and general resilience in uncertain times.

Indeed, the sudden growth in Hardwick’s ag infrastructure has been nothing short of explosive, with numerous food-based businesses and organizations settling in the region, seeking to become a part of the town’s answer to the vexing question of what a healthy food system should look like. Vermont Soy Company. High Mowing Organic Seeds. Jasper Hill Cheese. True Yogurt. Claire’s Restaurant and Bar. Pete’s Greens. Vermont Food Venture Center. The Center for an Agricultural Economy. The Highfields Center for Composting. Honey Garden Apiaries. While a few of these enterprises have been quietly operating and growing for the past 5 to 10 years, most of them have arrived in the past 3 years, bringing nearly 100 jobs to a region that very much needed 100 jobs.

No, you won’t see this from the summit of Buffalo Mountain, but you can see it along Hardwick’s block-long Main Street business district, where local food-based enterprises (Claire’s Restaurant and Bar, the Buffalo Mountain Food Co-op, the Village Diner, the Center for an Agricultural Economy) dominate, in some cases inhabiting buildings that had long sat idle. This is not the end of it. Soon, the Vermont Food Venture Center, a shared-use commercial kitchen and product development, processing, packaging, and shipping facility, will open in Hardwick, providing a place for small-scale producers to create and distribute value added goods made with local ingredients, saving them the massive expense and hassle of installing such a facility on their own properties. And the nonprofit Center for an Agricultural Economy recently purchased 15 acres of prime agricultural land only two blocks from downtown; plans call for establishing what the center has dubbed an Eco-Industrial Park, which will potentially include shared office space for the town’s ag-based businesses, a year-round, indoor farmers’ market, farm and garden demonstration sites, a communal composting operation, and rental plots for budding farmers.

The recent growth in Hardwick’s ag-based commerce is notable for something else: These outfits are, by and large, operated by youthful entrepreneurs possessing a surprising degree of business acumen. These are not the back-to-the-land dropouts of the region’s 1970s’ homestead agricultural revolution, smoking joints, hand-milking goats, and bartering Grateful Dead bootlegs for bunches of warty carrots (well, okay, perhaps some of this is happening); these are, by and large, graduates of our nation’s elite liberal arts colleges who have sought ways to apply their six-figure educations to occupations rooted in the soil. They spend their days tending livestock, fields of lettuce, and racks of cloth-bound cheddar and their evenings convening to quaff beers and brainstorm the next step forward for this little settlement that just might be the most important food town in the United States.

If that seems like an outsize claim for a small town with a hard-bitten reputation, one need only consider the most recent outbreak of bad food news. The rise in energy and fertilizer prices has led to double-or in some cases triple-digit food inflation.

Reprinted from The Town that Food Saved by Ben Hewitt. Copyright (c) 2009 by Ben Hewitt. By permission of Rodale, Inc., Emmaus, PA 18098.


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